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Prof. LEE Chuan Guan (John), Adjunct Professor of Renmin University of China and a Visiting Professor of Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia, Singaporean (click)


Title : Regulation and Protection of Agriculture and Forestry in alignment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Abstract: 

Contemporary history has evident that if left unregulated mankind will exploit Nature to the extreme, with no concerns for any negative consequences and its impacts for our future generations.

Since the end of War World Two, in our race to produce more, over usage of antibiotics and harmful chemicals in animal productions, results in more “Superbugs”, pathogens that are resistance to antibiotic with negative consequences on human health. Excessive amount of pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers are applied on plant crops that leach into the waterway, polluting our drinking waters, and killing our aquatic plant and animals. Large area of forests are indiscriminately cut for the timbers and/or as land for agriculture, industry or human activities, this reduces the “Green Lungs” for all living things, reducing the water catchment abilities of reservoirs and lakes, raise the level of atmospheric carbon dioxide negatively impacting global warming. More disastrous are the forest fires from the “Slash and burn” practice of clearing virgin forest for planation corps, the smog having a cross borders impacts on neighboring nations.

This is clearly unsustainable and a global initiative is need to address this decline.

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) was adopted in December 2015 by all member nations of the UN. Also known as the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” it is a multilateral agreement providing a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity to achieve 17 Sustainable Developments by the year 2030, through global partnership by the developed and developing nations.

The UN SDGs thus provide a “common compass” and practical platform to formulate and implement future regulation and protection of agriculture and forestry. 


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Prof. Snehal Lokhandwala, Shroff S R Rotary Institute of Chemical Technology / Department of Environmental Science & Technology, India (click)


Research Area:

Water Pollution, Prevention and Control, Bio adsorbents, Green Chemistry, Soil contamination and remediation


Title : Heavy metal tolerance: A phytosyabilization approach by Funneliformis mosseae MBAL to alleviate heavy metal stress in chemical contaminated soil

Abstract: Increased heavy metal pollution in soil is an anticipated global scenario due to geological and anthropogenic activities. When plants used as a biological means to remediate this pollution; vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza can be one of their best synergists to ameliorate toxic effects of heavy metals. Funneliformis geosporum clone MBAL is an indigenous vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza of Anand area, Gujarat, India. In present study Lycopersicon esculentum Mill roots when colonized with later phytostabilizes heavy metals found in Amlakhadi soil. Better plant growth and metabolism in plants colonized with F. geosporum clone MBAL was recorded. Defence enhancement (phenol, peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, and catalase) in colonized plants after 100 days of colonization was also observed. Results from ICP-OES analysis showed that probable mechanism of mycorrhiza assisted remediation is phytostabilization. These results indicate that F. geosporum clone MBAL helps the host plant in alleviating the heavy metal stress.

Highlights

Funneliformis geosporum clone MBAL helps plant to alleviate heavy metal stress.

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill shows better growth, metabolism, and increased defence response when colonized with mycorrhiza.

Phytostabilization is the probable remediation mechanism adopted.


With more than 20 years of experience I have been associated in teaching and research related to green chemistry and environmental issues including wastewater treatment, bio adsorbents, soil contamination and its remediation. I have also done extensive research in advance oxidation treatment and technology development. I am a pollution control board recognized environmental auditor and associated with many industries to carry out their environmental audit to improve their environmental compliance. I have done several projects to study the soil contamination due to unsustainable disposal of industrial waste and its remediation. I am R&D advisor for two industry and heading R&D unit of our institution additionally along with the duties of vice principal.